The Center for Matter at Atomic Pressures (CMAP) has access to not only world class facilities at the University of Rochester, but also innovative facilities across the country, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, Princeton University, and UC Davis.
Housed in the University of Rochester’s Department of Physics and Astronomy, HADES, a High Amperage Driver for Extreme States allows scientists to produce and study extreme matter.
The Institute for Matter at Extreme Energy Density (IMAXED) at the University of Rochester is dedicated to the study of fundamental and applied high-energy-density science.
National Ignition Facility at LLNL
The National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is home to the world’s most precise and reproducible laser system. This system guides, amplifies, reflects, and focuses 192 powerful laser beams into a target about the size of a pencil eraser in a few billionths of a second, delivering more than two million joules of ultraviolet energy and 500 trillion watts of peak power. NIF can also generate temperatures of more than 180 million degrees Fahrenheit and pressures of more than 100 billion Earth atmospheres. Those extreme conditions cause hydrogen atoms in the target to fuse and release energy in a controlled thermonuclear reaction.
Dynamic Compression Sector at Advanced Photon Source @ Argonne National Laboratory
Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory provides ultra-bright, high-energy x-ray beams which scientist use to find new discoveries in disciplines like planetary science and fundamental physics.
High-Pressure Mineral Physics Laboratory at Princeton University
The High-Pressure Mineral Physics Laboratory at Princeton University studies crystal structures, phase relations, equations of state, elasticity, and deformation behavior in a wide range of materials at extreme conditions using:
- Static compression
- Optical spectroscopy
- Gas guns
- High-powered lasers
Shock Compression Laboratory at UC Davis
The Shock Compression Laboratory at UC Davis is one of very few in the world dedicated to using shockwave experiments to study the properties of rocks and minerals under conditions of extreme pressure and temperature. Using the lab’s two cannons (or “light gas guns”), researchers can achieve conditions comparable to those of the Earth’s core and characteristic of those encountered during large impact events or during planetary accretion. The results help map out physical and thermodynamic properties of planetary materials in exotic regimes and are used as inputs for computational models of planetary collisions, including recent work on the origin of the Earth and Moon.